Stability and electronic properties of carbon in α-Al < inf> 2 O < inf> 3

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Abstract The stability and electronic properties of carbon in α-Al2O3 are investigated using density functional theory. In the host lattice, the substitutional C prefers the Al site under the O-rich conditions, whereas the O site is preferred by carbon under the Al-rich conditions. The calculated results predict a direct relationship between the thermodynamic and optical transition levels with the degree of the local distortion induced by C in the alumina lattice. We also find C at the O site acts as a charge compensator to stabilize the F+ center, thereby enhancing the TL signal at 465 K. Also, C at Al site can serve as electron traps for TL emission process in α-Al2O3. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids