Meniscal tissue explants response depends on level of dynamic compressive strain

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Objective: Following partial meniscectomy, the remaining meniscus is exposed to an altered loading environment. In vitro 20% dynamic compressive strains on meniscal tissue explants has been shown to lead to an increase in release of glycosaminoglycans from the tissue and increased expression of interleukin-1α (IL-1α). The goal of this study was to determine if compressive loading which induces endogenously expressed IL-1 results in downstream changes in gene expression of anabolic and catabolic molecules in meniscal tissue, such as MMP expression. Method: Relative changes in gene expression of MMP-1, MMP-3, MMP-9, MMP-13, A Disintegrin and Metalloproteinase with ThromboSpondin 4 (ADAMTS4), ADAMTS5, TNFα, TGFβ, COX-2, Type I collagen (COL-1) and aggrecan and subsequent changes in the concentration of prostaglandin E2 released by meniscal tissue in response to varying levels of dynamic compression (0%, 10%, and 20%) were measured. Porcine meniscal explants were dynamically compressed for 2 h at 1 Hz. Results: 20% dynamic compressive strains upregulated MMP-1, MMP-3, MMP-13 and ADAMTS4 compared to no dynamic loading. Aggrecan, COX-2, and ADAMTS5 gene expression were upregulated under 10% strain compared to no dynamic loading while COL-1, TIMP-1, and TGFβ gene expression were not dependent on the magnitude of loading. Conclusion: This data suggests that changes in mechanical loading of the knee joint meniscus from 10% to 20% dynamic strain can increase the catabolic activity of the meniscus. © 2008 Osteoarthritis Research Society International.

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Osteoarthritis and Cartilage