Pd-Ni electrocatalysts for efficient ethanol oxidation reaction in alkaline electrolyte

Document Type


Publication Date



PdxNiy/C catalysts with high ethanol oxidation reaction (EOR) activity in alkaline solution have been prepared through a solution phase-based nanocapsule method. XRD and TEM show PdxNi y nanoparticles with a small average diameter (2.4-3.2 nm) and narrow size distribution (1-6 nm) were homogeneously dispersed on carbon black XC-72 support. The EOR onset potential on Pd4Ni5/C (-801 mV vs. Hg/HgO) was observed shifted 180 mV more negative than that of Pd/C. Its exchange current density was 33 times higher than that of Pd/C (41.3 × 10-7 A/cm2 vs. 1.24 × 10-7 A/cm 2). After a 10,000-s chronoamperometry test at -0.5 V (vs Hg/HgO), the EOR mass activity of Pd2Ni3/C survived at 1.71 mA/mg, while that of Pd/C had dropped to 0, indicating PdxNiy/C catalysts have a better 'detoxification' ability for EOR than Pd/C. We propose that surface Ni could promote refreshing Pd active sites, thus enhancing the overall ethanol oxidation kinetics. The nanocapsule method is able to not only control over the diameter and size distribution of Pd-Ni particles, but also facilitate the formation of more efficient contacts between Pd and Ni on the catalyst surface, which is the key to improving the EOR activity. © 2011, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Publication Title

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy