Effect of undiluted bioethanol on combustion and emissions reduction in a SI engine at various charge air conditions

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This paper investigates the effects of neat bioethanol combustion on the performance and emission reduction characteristics of a spark ignition (SI) engine at various air temperature conditions. The experiments were carried out for different intake air temperatures and various operating conditions, and the results were compared to those for conventional gasoline fuel. The investigated results show that as intake ambient air temperatures is decreased, the intake flow rates is increased by the increased density of the intake air. The ethanol fuel has a higher volumetric efficiency than gasoline for all engine speeds and ambient temperature conditions. The cylinder pressures are increased with the improvement of volumetric efficiency due to the decrease of intake temperature. In addition, ethanol combustion creates higher combustion pressures than that of gasoline due to the high latent heat evaporation rate and low boiling point. The coefficients of variation of maximum pressure show slightly decreasing trends as the ambient air temperature increases. The concentration of NO x emissions tends to increase proportionally with the increase of ambient air temperature and engine speed for all test conditions. However, the HC, and CO emissions from ethanol combustion are improved than those of gasoline combustion. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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