Tubular SOFC air electrode ohmic overpotential: Parametric and exergy study

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© 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. The SOFC efficiency still can be improved by reducing the overpotential losses, However to battle this issue, band gap engineering of SOFC material needs to be considered. In this work, we analyzed the effect of various materials parameters and environmental conditions on the performance of SOFC. To maintain the optimum performance for SOFCs and to enhance the energy and exergy efficiency in practical application environments, it is recommended to have the oxygen vacancy concentration at 0.2, diffusion coefficient at 0.00005 cm2 s-1, cathode porosity of 0.3, tortuosity of 1.5, chemical capacitance at 2.7 F cm-2, the conductor electrolyte interface at 0.0004 cm, surface area of the porous conductor at 50,000 cm2 cm-3, and operating temperature of 1000 °C.

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Energy Conversion and Management