Bridging the gap between designed and implemented controllers via adaptive robust discrete sliding mode control

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© 2016 Elsevier Ltd Bridging the gap between designed and implemented model-based controllers is a major challenge in the design cycle of industrial controllers. This gap is created due to (i) digital implementation of controller software that introduces sampling and quantization uncertainties, and (ii) uncertainties in the modeled plant's dynamics. In this paper, a new adaptive and robust model-based control approach is developed based on a nonlinear discrete sliding mode controller (DSMC) formulation to mitigate implementation imprecisions and model uncertainties, that consequently minimizes the gap between designed and implemented controllers. The new control approach incorporates the predicted values of the implementation uncertainties into the controller structure. Moreover, a generic adaptation mechanism will be derived to remove the errors in the nonlinear modeled dynamics. The proposed control approach is illustrated on a nonlinear automotive engine control problem. The designed DSMC is tested in real-time in a processor-in-the-loop (PIL) setup using an actual electronic control unit (ECU). The verification test results show that the proposed controller design, under ADC and model uncertainties, can improve the tracking performance up to 60% compared to a conventional controller design.

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Control Engineering Practice