Using polymer coated nanoparticles for adsorption of micropollutants from water

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Department of Civil, Environmental, and Geospatial Engineering


In this study, polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-coated magnetite nanoparticles were synthesized to adsorb six emerging contaminants (Tonalide, Bisphenol-A, Triclosan, Metolachlor, Ketoprofen and Estriol) from aqueous solutions. The PVP-coated NPs were characterized by dynamic light scattering (DLS) measurements, thermal analysis, and X-ray diffraction. Results indicated that PVP-coated NPs were successfully used as a separable adsorbent for removing the micropollutants from water. Adsorption results were modeled using Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms, which showed a better fit of data to the Langmuir model. The adsorbent showed good adsorption performance in which Bisphenol-A and Ketoprofen were the most effectively removed micropollutants, with 98 and 95% removal using only 0.1 mg of the adsorbent within 15 min of contact time, respectively. Kinetic studies were performed using the pseudo-second-order model to compare the performance of PVP-coated NPs with granular activated carbon (GAC) revealing the superiority of PVP-coated NPs over GAC. Thermodynamic parameters of the adsorption of the micropollutants onto the adsorbate showed the adsorption process was endothermic and spontaneous. Adsorbate regeneration studies were performed with methanol, ethanol, and the UV/H2O2 process in five regeneration cycles. Methanol treatment ensured the highest level of regeneration.

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Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects