Enhanced astaxanthin accumulation in Haematococcus pluvialis using high carbon dioxide concentration and light illumination

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© 2018 Elsevier Ltd In this study, an economical two-stage method was proposed for the production of natural astaxanthin from Haematococcus pluvialis without a medium replacement step. In stage 1, H. pluvialis were grown under low light illumination until they reached optimal biomass. In stage 2, cells were switched to astaxanthin induction conditions utilizing the combination of high light illumination and elevated carbon dioxide levels (5 or 15%). The introduction of CO2 altered the C/N balance creating a nutrient deficiency without a change of media. The resulting astaxanthin yield was 2–3 times that of using either stressor alone. This astaxanthin induction method has many advantages over current methods including no medium replacement and a short induction time of less than four days.

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Bioresource Technology