Modeling and simulation of air-assist atomizers with applications to food sprays
© 2016. The Cascade Atomization and Drop Breakup (CAB) model has been developed originally for pressure atomizers. In this study, the CAB model is modified to accommodate air-assist atomization. The modifications include a change in the product drop distributions, namely, the uniform distribution used in the original CAB model is replaced with a χ-squared distribution with the same average drop size. The second modification addresses the air-assist atomization process. This process is modeled by estimating the Weber number due to the increased relative velocity caused by the air flow. Depending on the value of the Weber number this leads to a catastrophic, or a stripping (sheet-thinning), or a bag breakup. The model changes are validated with experimental data obtained from two different air-assist atomizers using an oil-in-water emulsion. The simulations were performed with a modified version of the KIVA-3 CFD code, and they showed good agreement with the experimental data.
Applied Mathematical Modelling
Modeling and simulation of air-assist atomizers with applications to food sprays.
Applied Mathematical Modelling,
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