One-step synthesis of high surface-area honeycomb graphene clusters for highly efficient capacitive deionization

Document Type


Publication Date



Department of Materials Science and Engineering


Capacitive deionization (CDI) can realize ion adsorption efficiently by forming electrochemical double layers on electrode surfaces. This potential-driven adsorption process requires electrode materials possessing a large surface area as well as a rapid and easy electrolyte-diffusion pathway. In this respect, we designed and synthesized a novel honeycomb graphene cluster (HGC) based on one-step exothermic reaction between liquid lithium and carbon monoxide gas. The obtained HGC electrode, as both cathode and anode in a CDI cell, exhibited excellent desalination performance. Its electrosorption capacity reached 14.08 mg/g in a batch-mode system with continuously recycled 28 ml of 5 mM NaCl solution. This high-level desalination ability can be attributed to the effective utilization of HGC materials: its large surface area of up to 1962 m2/g can provide abundant sites for ions adsorption, and three-dimensional mesoporous frameworks can facilitate ion transport. Thus, HGC electrodes can achieve electrosorption capacity of twice that of activated-carbon electrodes, indicating promising applications in the CDI field.

Publisher's Statement

© 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Publisher’s version of record: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpcs.2019.05.040

Publication Title

Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids