A process-based growth model for young red pine

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A carbon-balance, process-based growth model was developed to simulate the growth of young red pine (Pinus resinosa Ait.). The dry weights of current, 1-year-old, 3-year-old needless, stems and branches, and roots of individual trees were considered as state variables. The hourly rate of photosynthesis was calculated with solar radiation, air temperature, leaf water potential, and leaf age as driving variables by assuming that the needles experience the same incident light density. Maintenance respiration rate was assumed to be a function of surrounding temperature. The seasonal allocation of assimilates to each compartment was determined by the activity of each compartment and was regulated by soilwater potential. The translocation of carbohydrate reserves, litter fall, and root turnover were incorporated in the model. The simulated results fit well with observed values from three plantations in the central Upper Peninsula of Michigan. © 1994.

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Forest Ecology and Management