Thermal and mechanical properties of PCM-incorporated normal and lightweight concretes containing silica fume

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Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering


Improving the thermal performance of concrete, as an important construction and pavement material, by incorporating phase change materials (PCMs) has been the topic of much research. Also, various carrier agents such as lightweight aggregate (LWA) have been introduced to incorporate PCMs into concrete. However, incorporation of PCM-impregnated LWA reduces the compressive strength of concrete. In this study, the application of silica fume to improve the compressive strength of PCM-incorporated concrete is investigated. Two types of PCMs, salt hydrate PCM and polyethylene glycol PCM, were incorporated into concrete via scoria LWA, and different physical and mechanical characteristics of the concrete were studied when silica fume was incorporated into the mix. The results show that incorporation of silica fume increases the compressive strength of PCM-incorporated concrete, and at the same time does not diminish the thermal performance of the incorporated PCM. Therefore, incorporation of silica fume was found to be a promising strategy to improve the compressive strength of PCM-incorporated concrete.

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© 2019 Copyright remains with the author(s) or their institution(s). Publisher’s version of record: https://doi.org/10.1139/cjce-2018-0334

Publication Title

Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering