Mechanical, durability, and microstructural properties of macro synthetic polypropylene (PP) fiber-reinforced rubber concrete

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Department of Civil, Environmental, and Geospatial Engineering


In this study, the synergistic effect of combining macro polypropylene (PP) fiber and rubberized concrete was evaluated based on mechanical and durability performance, as well as microstructure. The specimens were prepared with two different rubber volume contents at 10% and 15%, incorporating with a consistent fiber volume fraction of 0.5%. The plain concrete specimens and specimens with only PP fiber were also produced for comparison. The mechanical test results indicated that the fracture energy of plain concrete could be enhanced with both macro PP fiber and rubber aggregates. Besides, all specimens achieved compressive strength higher than 40 Mpa, and the ultrasonic pulse velocity demonstrated the good quality of concrete specimens. The fracture morphology and ESEM imaging showed the positive function of rubber aggregates and PP fibers on the post-crack propagation. The durability performance, including drying shrinkage, ASR expansion, and frost resistance were also strengthened in macro PP fiber-reinforced rubber concrete compared with plain concrete. The macro PP fiber-reinforced rubber concrete will enlarge the post-failure flexural residual load capacity and deformation and distribute stress for multiple crack propagation, thus increasing overall fracture toughness and reducing brittleness. The sustainable applications can be further explored with the combination of macro PP fiber and recycled rubber aggregate.

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© 2019. Published by Elsevier Ltd. Publisher’s version of record:

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Journal of Cleaner Production