Structure-property relations in a metastable β Ti alloy containing Si

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The hardness response, tensile behavior, and phase transformations occurring in a quenched and aged metastable β phase Ti-30 at. pct V-l at. pct Si alloy have been inves-tigated. Upon aging at 570°C, as-quenched samples show a broad hardness peak which is associated with the formation of rod-like, hexagonal (Ti,V)xSiy transition phase precipi-tates. The equilibrium silicide is observed upon aging at 570°C in the form of faceted, tetragonal particles. A loss of tensile ductility and a transition to intergranular fracture occurs after extended aging at 570°C and is related to Si segregation to the grain bound-aries. Comparing the behavior of Ti-30V to that of Ti-30V-lSi shows that the presence of Si strongly retards α-phase formation. However, a substantial age hardening re-sponse still occurs upon aging at 450°C, especially after prior cold work (the yield strength increases from 635 to 982 MPa). This hardening response is combined with a retention of a ductile, transgranular fracture even after extended aging at 450°C. Aging first at 570°C followed by aging at 450°C results in an increase in the volume fraction of α-phase formed but a subsequent decrease in ductility and hardness response upon aging at 450°C. These results are discussed in terms of the structure/property relationships which result from the influence of Si on the formation of, a) (Ti.V)xSiy precipitates, b) the equilibrium silicide, and c) the α-phase. © 1978 American Society for Metals and the Metallurgical Society of AIME.

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Metallurgical Transactions A