The elastic strain energy of growth ledges on coherent and partially coherent precipitates

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The formation rate of growth ledges on a faceted precipitate strongly affects the growth kinetics and the shape of the precipitate. An Eshelby-type model is used to compare the strain energy associated with the nucleation of a ledge on different facet planes of a body-centered cubic (bcc) precipitate in face-centered cubic (fcc) matrix. Ledge nucleation is only likely at facet areas where the interaction energy between the ledge and the precipitate is negative. The strain energy for ledge formation is not symmetric on any of the facet planes, but it is symmetric about the center of the precipitate. For coherent precipitates comparable to those observed in the Ni-Cr system, ledges form with the lowest strain energy on the broad facet of the precipitate implying that precipitate thickening should occur faster than lengthening and widening. A procedure for modifying the Eshelby model is suggested in order to allow strain-energy calculations of partially coherent precipitates. The strain energy for ledge formation on at least one type of partially coherent lath is lowest for a ledge located on the facet perpendicular to the crystallographic invariant line (IL). This situation favors precipitate lengthening in the invariant line direction. © 1994 The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, and ASM International.

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Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A