Interdiffusion in Ni-rich, Ni-Cr-Al alloys at 1100 and 1200 °C: Part II. Diffusion coefficients and predicted concentration profiles

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Department of Materials Science and Engineering


Ternary interdiffusion coefficients were measured in the Ni solid solution γ (fcc) phase of the Ni-Cr-Al system at 1100 and 1200 °C. Extensive use was made of both γ/γ and γ/γ + β (β-NiAl structure) diffusion couples. Two analysis techniques were employed to calculate the interdiffusion coefficients. When the Matano planes for Al and Cr were not coincident, numerous integral calculations were made to determine an average diffusion coefficient and to assess the effect of the noncoincidence of the Matano planes. The results of the diffusivity measurements showed that {Mathematical expression} is approximately four times greater than {Mathematical expression}, while {Mathematical expression} and {Mathematical expression} are of the same magnitude. For all concentrations, {Mathematical expression} is two to three times greater than {Mathematical expression}. Both {Mathematical expression} and {Mathematical expression} increase with increasing Al concentration, whereas {Mathematical expression} and {Mathematical expression} show little concentration dependence on Cr alone. A ternary, finite-difference interdiffusion model was employed to predict concentration profiles for the γ/γ couples utilizing the concentration dependence of the measured diffusivities. Good agreement was observed between the predicted and measured concentration profiles for both 1100 and 1200 °C.

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© 1987 The Metallurgical of Society of AIME. Publisher’s version of record: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02647079

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Metallurgical Transactions A