Precipitation at interphase boundaries

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Department of Materials Science and Engineering


Three problems in precipitation at interphase boundaries are examined. 1) The classu argument as to the particular phase in which such a precipitate nucleates is shown to be irrelevant; except in a special situation, the critical nucleus must normally penetrate both phases forming the interphase boundary. 2) The relative penetrations into the two phases achieved during growth can be very different than those expected during nucleation; hence, deductions about the nucleation process based upon observations on growth morphologies can be quite misleading. 3) The observations of Honeycombe and others that the nucleation of carbides at austenite: ferrite boundaries occurs predominantly at the low energy, immobile broad faces of ledges rather than at the higher energy, mobile risers of ledges are accounted for theoretically on the basis of the high velocities of the risers preventing nucleation. Example calculations on a Ti-Ni alloy indicate that precipitation at the risers of ledges may become possible in substitutional systems, but only at lower homologous temperatures, and if the migration of these boundaries is still controlled by volume diffusion while nucleation is controlled by interfacial diffusion.

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© 1978 American Society for Metals and the Metallurgical Society of AIME. Publisher’s version of record:

Publication Title

Metallurgical Transactions A