Title

Effects of media components and environmental factors on shoot formation from protoplast-derived calli of Solanum tuberosum

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

11-1-1989

Abstract

The influence of several media components and environmental factors on shoot formation in protoplast-derived calli of Solanum tuberosum (a Rosamunda cross) were studied. Low sucrose concentration (3-15 mM) was beneficial for optimal shoot induction. Several concentrations of NO3- and NH4+ were suitable for shoot induction as long as the concentration of NO3- was about twice the concentration of NH4+ or higher. No stimulatory effect of glutamine, proline, putrescine, spermidine, spermine or adenine sulphate at 0.5 and 2 mM were found. White light promoted shoot induction compared with red and blue light or darkness. The intensity of light was shown to be a critical factor for good shoot induction. Lower light intensity (30 μE m-2 s-1) resulted in doubling of the number of calli producing shoots compared with higher (110 μE m-2 s-1) light intensity. A temperature of 20°C promoted shoot regeneration compared to 25°C. Based on these results improved conditions for regeneration of S. tuberosum are suggested, and shown to enhance shoot formation in five other genotypes tested. © 1989 Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Publication Title

Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture

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