On the complexity of adding convergence

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Conference Proceeding

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This paper investigates the complexity of designing Self-Stabilizing (SS) distributed programs, where an SS program meets two properties, namely closure and convergence. Convergence requires that, from any state, the computations of an SS program reach a set of legitimate states (a.k.a. invariant). Upon reaching a legitimate state, the computations of an SS program remain in the set of legitimate states as long as no faults occur; i.e., Closure. We illustrate that, in general, the problem of augmenting a distributed program with convergence, i.e., adding convergence, is NP-complete (in the size of its state space). An implication of our NP-completeness result is the hardness of adding nonmasking fault tolerance to distributed programs, which has been an open problem for the past decade. © 2013 IFIP International Federation for Information Processing.

Publication Title

Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)