Characterization of Low-Zinc Electric Arc Furnace Dust

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date



© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2017. Electric arc furnace (EAF) dust is an important secondary resource that should be recycled to enhance its considerable economic value and potential environmental benefit. In this study, a low-zinc EAF dust was characterized by various techniques, including chemical titration, X-ray diffraction, granulometric analysis, scanning electron microscopy and thermogravimetry. It is shown that the dust contains 2.08wt% Zn, 23.16 wt% Fe and 19.84 wt% Ca, accompanying small amounts of Cr, Pb, etc. Magnetite, calcium ferrite and zinc ferrite are the main phase constituents. The majority (90%) of particles have size less than 137.862μm. According to these characteristics, it is expected that the use of microwave energy for intensification of the reduction of EAF dust in the presence of biochar will succeed in the dust recycling by promoting the processing efficiency with elimination of secondary hazardous pollutants.

Publication Title

Minerals, Metals and Materials Series