Single-phase heat exchangers

Document Type


Publication Date



© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018. All rights reserved. This chapter deals with the thermal design theory of single phase recuperative heat exchangers. Established methods for (a) designing a heat exchanger that will yield a desired performance under specified operating conditions or (b) predicting the performance of a given heat exchanger operating under prescribed conditions are logically presented. Heat exchangers are first classified based on their construction and flow configuration. Next, basic concepts central to heat exchanger design, such as the fluid mechanics of internal flow, laminar and turbulent flow, boundary layer development, friction factor, heat transfer coefficient, overall heat transfer coefficient, fouling, etc., are discussed. Having laid the conceptual framework, two commonly encountered problems in heat exchanger design are described. Two well-established methods of designing heat exchangers, the logarithmic mean temperature difference (LMTD) and the effectiveness-NTU (ε-NTU) methods, are then explained in some detail. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the heat transfer coefficient results/correlations under various flow situations and boundary conditions, which will be helpful in the calculation of the overall heat transfer coefficient.

Publication Title

Handbook of Thermal Science and Engineering