Foaming of rigid PVC/wood-flour composites through a continuous extrusion process

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College of Forest Resources and Environmental Science


The effects of chemical foaming agent (CFA) types (endothermic versus exothermic) and concentrations as well as the influence of all-acrylic processing aid on the density and cell morphology of extrusion-foamed neat rigid PVC and rigid PVC/ wood-flour composites were studied. Regardless of the CFA type, the density reduction of foamed rigid PVC/wood-flour composites was not influenced by the CFA content. The cell size, however, was affected by the CFA type, independent of CFA content. Exothermic foaming agent produced foamed samples with smaller average cell sizes compared to those of endothermic counterparts. The experimental results indicate that the addition of an all-acrylic processing aid in the formulation of rigid PVC/wood-flour composite foams provides not only the ability to achieve density comparable to that achieved in the neat rigid PVC foams, but also the potential of producing rigid PVC/wood-flour composite foams without using any chemical foaming agents.

Publication Title

Journal of Vinyl and Additive Technology