Tie line framework to optimize non-enveloped virus recovery in aqueous two-phase systems.

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Department of Chemical Engineering


Viral particle purification is a challenge due to the complexity of the broth, the particle size, and the need to maintain virus activity. Aqueous two-phase systems (ATPSs) are a viable alternative for the currently used and expensive downstream processes. This work investigated the purification of two non-enveloped viruses, porcine parvovirus (PPV), and human rhinovirus (HRV) at various ATPS tie lines. A polyethylene glycol (PEG) 12 kDa-citrate system at pH 7 was used to study the behavior of the partitioning on three different thermodynamic tie line lengths (TLLs). It was experimentally determined that increasing the TLL, and therefore increasing the hydrophobic and electrostatic driving forces within the ATPS, facilitated higher virus recoveries in the PEG-rich phase. A maximum of 79% recovery of infectious PPV was found at TLL 36 w/w% and tie line (TL) ratio 0.1. Increased loading of PPV was studied to observe the change in the partitioning behavior and similar trends were observed for all the TLs. Most contaminants remained in the citrate-rich phase at all the chosen TLLs, demonstrating purification of the virus from protein contaminants. Moderate DNA removal was also measured. Net neutral charged HRV was studied to demonstrate the effects of driving forces on neutrally charged viruses. HRV recovery trends remained similar to PPV on each TLL studied, but the values were lower than PPV. Recovery of viral particles in the PEG-rich phase of the PEG-citrate system utilized the difference in the surface hydrophobicity between virus and proteins and showed a direct dependence on the surface charge of each studied virus. The preferential partitioning of the relatively hydrophobic viral particles in the PEG-rich phase supports the hypothesis that both hydrophobic and electrostatic forces govern the purification of viruses in ATPS.

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© 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Publisher's version of record: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2019.121744

Publication Title

Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences