Effect of elongational viscosity on axisymmetric entrance flow of polymers

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A finite element simulation of the flow in a channel with an abrupt contraction is presented. The effects of the shear and elongational viscosities of a polymer on the entrance flow are analyzed employing a truncated power-law model. The power-law index and the strain rate characterizing the transition from Newtonian to power-law behavior for the elongational viscosity are treated as being independent of the values of these two parameters for the shear viscosity. The effect of flow rate on entrance flow is also analyzed. It is confirmed that the Trouton ratio is important in determining the recirculating vortex and the extra pressure loss in entrance flow. Extra pressure loss and vortex length predicted by a finite element simulation of entrance loss are compared with the corresponding predictions from Binding's approximate analysis.

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Polymer Engineering and Science