In vivo degradation effects of alloy MgNd2 in contact with mucous tissue

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© 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Abstract Magnesium alloys are currently being investigated for use as resorbable biomaterials. Various applications for magnesium based implant materials have already been presented. Currently, stents and structures that sustain diseased or narrowed vessels seem to be the most promising areas. This study focuses on the use of a magnesium fluoride (MgF2) coated magnesium neodymium based alloy (MgNd2) and its use as a postsurgery stent material to avoid proliferation in the sinus region. Simple cylindrical shaped specimens were sown to the sinus' mucosa of pigs and left in place for different periods of time to investigate the long-term corrosion resistance of the alloy and its coating during direct contact with physiological tissue. Investigations made within this study explicitly focused on the corrosive behavior of the alloy in the region of a physiological sinus. Thus, losses in mass and volume, and element analyses were considered to obtain information about the specimens' corrosion performance over time. Furthermore, micrographs support the alloy specific corrosion type analyses which focus on grain boundary effects. This study demonstrates the general in vivo applicability of fluoride coated MgNd2. The progress of corrosion was determined to be adequate and homogeneous over a total period of 180 days.

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Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A