Department of Civil, Environmental, and Geospatial Engineering
Understanding that activities associated with built infrastructure can have environmental impacts is important. This chapter provides an overview of the greenhouse effect and quantitative tools (carbon footprint analysis and lifecycle assessment) to estimate such impacts. It explains the greenhouse effect—necessary background to the ongoing discussion on climate change. Climate change has directly or indirectly had global environmental impacts, both physical and ecological. Undertaking environmental assessment studies during site or project development can uncover and clarify local environmental impacts, which may provide opportunities to mitigate or minimize such impacts. Carbon footprint analysis and lifecycle assessment are common tools used in quantifying greenhouse gas emissions and other broader environmental impacts such as air pollutants, smog, ozone depletion, acidification, and eutrophication.
Engineering for Sustainable Communities
Engineering for Sustainable Communities.
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