An experimental investigation on combustion and performance characteristics of supercharged HCCI operation in low compression ratio engine setting

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Department of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics


This study investigates the effects of boost pressure on combustion and performance of an early direct injection homogenous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engine at a low compression ratio (CR). A 2.0 L, four-cylinder, four-stroke, gasoline direct injection engine was converted to operate in early direct injection HCCI mode. In addition, a supercharger unit was developed for engine boosting. The experiments were performed at different intake manifold absolute pressures (MAP) from 1.0 to 1.6 bar at different engine loads using n-heptane fuel. The effects of boost pressure were investigated on HCCI combustion and engine performance characteristics using volumetric efficiency, in-cylinder pressure, heat release rate (HRR), maximum in-cylinder pressure and gas temperature, CA50 (crank angle by which 50% of the fuel is burnt), combustion duration, apparent combustion efficiency, indicated mean effective pressure (IMEP), brake mean effective pressure (BMEP), friction mean effective pressure (FMEP), indicated thermal efficiency (ITE), brake thermal efficiency (BTE), heat loss, exergy of heat loss, coefficient of variation of IMEP (COVIMEP), maximum pressure rise rate (MPRR) and ringing intensity (RI). The experimental results showed that high-efficiency HCCI operation is feasible at an engine compression ratio as low as 9.2 once the engine variables are properly optimized and an appropriate level of supercharging is utilized. An increase in indicated thermal efficiency was seen as boost pressure increased. In addition, combustion phasing advanced by increasing boost pressure or increasing air–fuel equivalence ratio values. Combustion events with CA50 2–3 °CA aTDC show the highest thermal efficiency especially at low boost pressure conditions. In addition, the pressure rise rate and ringing intensity increased by increasing air–fuel equivalence ratio and MAP. The test results also showed that HCCI operating range can be extended with the increase of intake manifold pressure especially at high load limits.

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© 2020 Elsevier Ltd. Publisher’s version of record:

Publication Title

Applied Thermal Engineering