Title

Progress in low-temperature solid oxide fuel cells with hydrocarbon fuels

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-15-2020

Department

Department of Materials Science and Engineering

Abstract

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are important electric generators due to their high energy efficiencies and fuel flexibilities. However, the high operation temperature (>800 °C) results in high system cost/complexity and poor long-term durability. Recently, decreasing the operating temperature of SOFCs to the low-temperature range (≤650 °C) has attracted intensive attention, especially for the direct utilization of hydrocarbons as fuels. This review summarizes the latest progress in hydrocarbon fueled SOFCs working at ≤ 650 °C, mainly focusing on the challenges and strategies associated with electrolytes, anodes, and cathodes. It highlights the requirement for highly active and carbon/sulfur resistant anode and high ionic conductive electrolytes to gain a superior performance at a lower temperature.

Publisher's Statement

© 2020 Elsevier B.V. Publisher’s version of record: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2020.126235

Publication Title

Chemical Engineering Journal

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