Progress in low-temperature solid oxide fuel cells with hydrocarbon fuels
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are important electric generators due to their high energy efficiencies and fuel flexibilities. However, the high operation temperature (>800 °C) results in high system cost/complexity and poor long-term durability. Recently, decreasing the operating temperature of SOFCs to the low-temperature range (≤650 °C) has attracted intensive attention, especially for the direct utilization of hydrocarbons as fuels. This review summarizes the latest progress in hydrocarbon fueled SOFCs working at ≤ 650 °C, mainly focusing on the challenges and strategies associated with electrolytes, anodes, and cathodes. It highlights the requirement for highly active and carbon/sulfur resistant anode and high ionic conductive electrolytes to gain a superior performance at a lower temperature.
Chemical Engineering Journal
Progress in low-temperature solid oxide fuel cells with hydrocarbon fuels.
Chemical Engineering Journal,
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