Effect of diesel injection strategies on natural gas/diesel RCCI combustion characteristics in a light duty diesel engine

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Department of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics


Reactivity controlled compression ignition (RCCI) combustion mode is an attractive combustion strategy due to its potential in satisfying the strict emission standards. In this study, the effects of direct injection (DI) strategies on the combustion and emission characteristics of a modified light duty RCCI engine, fueled with natural gas (NG) and diesel were numerically investigated. In this way, Converge CFD code employing a detail chemical kinetics mechanism was used for 3D simulation of combustion process and emissions prediction. NG with higher octane number (ON) is mixed with air through intake port, while diesel fuel with lower ON is directly injected into the combustion chamber during compression stroke by means of split injection strategy. The effects of several parameters, including the premixed ratio (PR) of NG, diesel fuel fraction in first and second injection pulses, first and second start of injection timing (SOI1 and 2), injection pressure and the spray angle on the engine performance and emission characteristics are investigated. The results indicate that these parameters have significant effects on the light duty RCCI engine performance and engine out emissions. Also, it was demonstrated that by decreasing the first injection pressure from 450 to 300 bar, the gross indicated efficiency increases by 5% and CA50 is retarded by 4 CAD. Moreover, by reducing the spray angle from 144° to 100°, the gross indicated efficiency decreases by 4% and CA50 is advanced by 6 CAD. The results showed that reduction in NOx emission is achievable, while controlling HC and CO emissions, by means of increasing the NG fraction, advancing the SOI1, increasing the fuel fraction in first DI injection with lower injection pressure and employing a wider injector spray angle.

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© 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Publisher’s version of record: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.05.011

Publication Title

Applied Energy