Effect of soil aging on arsenic fractionation and bioaccessibility in inorganic arsenical pesticide contaminated soils
Department of Biological Sciences
Ingestion of As - contaminated soil by children is a growing concern in former agricultural lands converted to residential or recreational land use areas. The mobility and bioavailability of As is controlled by its reactions with soil particles. The degree and strength of As retention by soil constituents may vary greatly with time. The present authors hypothesize that aging results in reduced mobility of As thereby decreasing As release and its bioavailability. The present study is aimed at evaluating the effect of aging on soil As fractionation and bioaccessibility in a temperature and humidity-controlled greenhouse setting. The design allowed the evaluation of dynamic interactions between soils, pesticides, water, and plants. Therefore, 4 soil types (Immokalee, Millhopper, Pahokee Muck, and Orelia) were selected based on their potential differences in As reactivity. The soils were amended with the pesticide Na arsenate at two rates. Rice was used as the test crop. Soil samples collected after different time periods (0, 6. months, 1. a and 3. a) were extracted for soil-As forms via a sequential extraction technique. Bioaccessible As was extracted via an in vitro gastrointestinal method. At time 0, most of the extractable As in soil was in the soluble form, resulting in high bioaccessibility. As expected, soluble and exchangeable fractions decreased with time for up to 6. months, but remained constant thereafter. After 3. a of soil-pesticide equilibration, As bioaccessibility was still high in all the soils except for the Pahokee Muck. No significant difference in As bioaccessibility was observed between the soils. Arsenic was present predominantly as As(V) with 5-10% of the total dissolved As being present as As(III). Data obtained suggest that although aging had an impact on the geochemical forms, gastric pH was the sole important factor effecting As bioaccessibility.
Effect of soil aging on arsenic fractionation and bioaccessibility in inorganic arsenical pesticide contaminated soils.
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