Effect of CO2 inhibition on biogenic isoprene emission: Implications for air quality under 2000 to 2050 changes in climate, vegetation, and land use

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Department of Civil, Environmental, and Geospatial Engineering; Department of Geological and Mining Engineering and Sciences


The inhibition of biogenic isoprene emission by elevated CO2 as observed in many plant taxa may significantly alter the sensitivity of air quality to global changes. We use a one-way coupled modeling framework to perform simulations under various combinations of 2000 to 2050 changes in climate, natural vegetation, anthropogenic emissions and land use to examine the effect of the CO2-isoprene interaction on atmospheric composition. We find that consideration of CO2 inhibition substantially reduces the sensitivity of surface ozone and secondary organic aerosol (SOA) to climate and natural vegetation, resulting in much smaller ozone and SOA increases in major populated regions than are projected by previous studies. The impact of land use on air quality is relatively insensitive to CO2 inhibition, rendering land use change the key factor that can offset or enhance the effects of anthropogenic emissions and shape air quality and climate-relevant species in the mid-21st century. Key Points Effect of CO2-isoprene interaction on air quality by year 2050 is simulated CO2-isoprene interaction reduces ozone and aerosol sensitivity to climate Human land use change will become a key driver for future air quality ©2013. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.

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©2013. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. Publisher’s version of record: https://doi.org/10.1002/grl.50650

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Geophysical Research Letters