A simple learning control to eliminate RF-MEMS switch bounce

Document Type


Publication Date



Department of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics


A learning control algorithm is presented that reduces the closing time of a radio-frequency microelectromechanical systems switch by minimizing bounce while maintaining robustness to fabrication variability. The switch consists of a plate supported by folded-beam springs. Electrostatic actuation of the plate causes pull-in with high impact velocities, which are difficult to control due to parameter variations from part to part. A single degree-of-freedom model was utilized to design a simple learning control algorithm that shapes the actuation voltage based on the open/closed state of the switch. Experiments on three different test switches show that after 5-10 iterations, the learning algorithm lands the switch plate with an impact velocity not exceeding 0.20 m/s, eliminating bounce. Simulations show that robustness to parameter variation is directly related to the number of required iterations for the device to learn the input for a bounce-free closure. © 2009 IEEE.

Publication Title

Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems