Effect of Mg content on Al3Sc-dispersoid formation in cast billets of Al-Mg-Sc alloys

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date



Department of Materials Science and Engineering


Small additions (0.05–0.1 at.%) of scandium to 5000 aluminum alloys (3–5 at.% Mg) can strengthen these alloys to make them competitive with high strength aluminum grades (e.g. 2000, 7000). A common issue with 5000 series aluminum alloys, however, is the formation of Lüders bands, strain heterogeneities caused by high concentration of Mg in solution. Scandium additions in aluminum alloys form Al3Sc nano-dispersoids which can homogenize strain throughout the material, while zirconium additions stabilize the dispersoids to prevent coarsening. This study develops processing methods and compositions to optimize strength and formability in these wrought alloys. Coherent, semi-coherent, and incoherent precipitates were produced to study the effect of dispersoid size and to assess the tradeoff between production requirements and mechanical properties. Heat treatments were developed to attain these specific structures.

Publisher's Statement

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019. Publisher’s version of record: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-05864-7_184

Publication Title

Light Metals