Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Frequency stability in an isolated grid can be easily impacted by sudden load or wind speed changes. Many frequency regulation techniques are utilized to solve this problem. However, there are only few studies designing torque compensation controllers based on power performances in different Speed Parts. It is a major challenge for a wind turbine generator (WTG) to achieve the satisfactory compensation performance in different Speed Parts. To tackle this challenge, this paper proposes a gain scheduled torque compensation strategy for permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) based wind turbines. Our main idea is to improve the anti-disturbance ability for frequency regulation by compensating torque based on WTG speed Parts. To achieve higher power reserve in each Speed Part, an enhanced deloading method of WTG is proposed. We develop a new small-signal dynamic model through analyzing the steady-state performances of deloaded WTG in the whole range of wind speed. Subsequently, H∞ theory is leveraged in designing the gain scheduled torque compensation controller to effectively suppress frequency fluctuation. Moreover, since torque compensation brings about untimely power adjustment in over-rated wind speed condition, the conventional speed reference of pitch control system is improved. Our simulation and experimental results demonstrate that the proposed strategy can significantly improve frequency stability and smoothen power fluctuation resulting from wind speed variations. The minimum of frequency deviation with the proposed strategy is improved by up to 0.16 Hz at over-rated wind speed. Our technique can also improve anti-disturbance ability in frequency domain and achieve power balance.
Gain scheduled torque compensation of PMSG-based wind turbine for frequency regulation in an isolated grid.
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