Boron Nitride Nanotubes: Recent Advances in Their Synthesis, Functionalization, and Applications

Chee Huei Lee, Singapore University of Technology and Design
Shiva Bhandari, Michigan Technological University
Bishnu Tiwari, Michigan Technological University
Nazmiye Bihter Yapici, Michigan Technological University
Dongyan Zhang, Michigan Technological University
Yoke Khin Yap, Michigan Technological University

© 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license ( Publisher’s version of record:


A comprehensive overview of current research progress on boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) is presented in this article. Particularly, recent advancements in controlled synthesis and large-scale production of BNNTs will first be summarized. While recent success in mass production of BNNTs has opened up new opportunities to implement the appealing properties in various applications, concerns about product purity and quality still remain. Secondly, we will summarize the progress in functionalization of BNNTs, which is the necessary step for their applications. Additionally, selected potential applications in structural composites and biomedicine will be highlighted.