Albumins inhibit the corrosion of absorbable Zn alloys at initial stages of degradation

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Department of Materials Science and Engineering


Understanding the surface interactions and reactivity of zinc (Zn)-based biomaterials with constituents of physiological fluids such as proteins and ions is essential for an accurate evaluation of biomaterial corrosion initiation and progression. In this paper, the effect of the albumin addition on the corrosion behavior of pure Zn and Zn–4Ag alloy is discussed. The corrosion behavior of Zn-based materials was studied using potentiodynamic polarization, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, immersion tests and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. It was found that the addition of albumins largely affects the chemical composition, morphology and compactness of the protective films formed on biomaterials. A shift of the corrosion regime from localized to more general was observed in the protein-containing electrolytes. The proteins acted as corrosion inhibitors, reducing the corrosion current density and promoting passivation of the metallic surfaces. The increase in the corrosion resistance of the Zn–4Ag alloy is attributed to a selective Zn ion leaching that leaves the metal surface enriched with electrochemically more stable alloying element.

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Surface Innovations