A pilot study to determine if left ventricular activation time is a useful parameter for left bundle branch capture: Validated by ventricular mechanical synchrony with SPECT imaging

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Department of Applied Computing



Left bundle branch (LBB) pacing has emerged as a novel pacing modality. Left ventricular activation time (LVAT) was reported to be associated with the activation via LBB, but the value of LVAT for determining LBB pacing was unknown. We conducted a pilot study to determine if LVAT could define LBB capture by validating left ventricular (LV) mechanical synchrony.


We analyzed LVAT in 68 bradycardia-indicated patients who received LBB pacing. LVAT was measured from the stimulus to R-wave peak in lead V5 and V6. LV mechanical synchrony assessed by SPECT MPI was compared according to the value of LVAT and the presence of LBB potential.


The mean LVAT was 75.4 ± 12.7 ms. LBB potential was recorded in 47 patients (69.1%). Patients with LVAT < 76 ms had better LV mechanical synchrony than those with LVAT ≥ 76 ms. Patients with LVAT < 76 ms or LBB potential had better mechanical synchrony than those with LVAT ≥ 76 ms and no potential. LVAT < 76 ms could predict the normal synchrony with a sensitivity of 88.9% and a specificity of 87.5%.


A short LVAT indicated favorable mechanical synchrony in SPECT imaging. LVAT < 76 ms might be a practical parameter for defining LBB capture.

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Journal of Nuclear Cardiology