A new in vitro–in vivo correlation for bioabsorbable magnesium stents from mechanical behavior

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Department of Materials Science and Engineering; Department of Biomedical Engineering


Correlating the in vitro and in vivo degradation of candidate materials for bioabsorbable implants is a subject of interest in the development of next-generation metallic stents. In this study, pure magnesium wire samples were corroded both in the murine artery (in vivo) and in static cell culture media (in vitro), after which they were subjected to mechanical analysis by tensile testing. Wires corroded in vivo showed reductions in strength, elongation, and the work of fracture, with additional qualitative changes between tensile profiles. The in vivodegradation was 2.2 ± 0.5, 3.1 ± 0.8, and 2.3 ± 0.3 times slower than corrosion in vitroin terms of effective tensile strength, strain to failure, and sample lifetime, respectively. Also, a combined metric, defined as strength multiplied by elongation, was 3.1 ± 0.7 times faster in vitro than in vivo. Consideration of the utility and restrictions of each metric indicates that the lifetime-based multiplier is the best suited to general use for magnesium, though other metrics could be used to deduce the mechanical properties of degradable implants in service.

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© 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Publisher's version of record: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2013.08.042

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Materials Science and Engineering: C