Ferroresonance case study in a distribution network and the potential impact of DERs and CVR/VVO

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Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering


Ferroresonance in single-phase, line-to-line connected transformers in an ungrounded distribution system with delta-connected capacitors is possible but has not been reported in recent literature. In this paper, a high voltage event that actually occurred in an ungrounded distribution network with multiple distribution transformers has been simulated for lessons learned. The hypothesis was that ferroresonance was the cause of the overvoltage event in the network after a single-phase event led to sustained voltages of 1.45 p.u. Simulations were performed and ferroresonance was found to be the possible cause for the overvoltages. One of the prevention solutions found to avoid the overvoltages was to balance the loads on the three phases. The increased deployment of CVR/VVO strategies leads to circuit configurations similar to that studied in this paper and could lead to an increased likelihood of ferroresonance, if it is not fully understood and addressed. The impact of additional single-phase solar inverters on the low voltage side of the transformers was also studied. The results obtained show that the effective loading of the transformers, which is the difference in the actual load connected and the output from the DER, proved to be the deciding factor for initiation of ferroresonance in such networks.

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Electric Power Systems Research