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Department of Civil, Environmental, and Geospatial Engineering


Ground tire rubber (GTR) usage in asphalt pavement with the dry process has gained more prominence in recent times. The objective of this work is to investigate the pavement performance of GTR-modified asphalt pavement and polymer-modified asphalt pavement on heavy volume of traffic conditions in Michigan's wet and freeze environment. A suite of laboratory tests was done to evaluate the pavement performance of GTR-modified and polymer-modified asphalt mixtures. To reveal the strain and stress relationship under different frequencies and temperatures, the dynamic modulus test was applied. The Hamburg wheel tracking device (HWTD) was used to assess the high-temperature deformation resistance. The disc-shaped compact tension (DCT) test was used to evaluate the low-temperature cracking characteristics. The characteristics of the asphalt binder were assessed by the dynamic shear rheometer (DSR) for high-temperature properties and the asphalt binder cracking device (ABCD) for low-temperature properties. After the construction, a field noise test was conducted. The experimental results stated that the polymer-modified asphalt mixture and GTR-modified asphalt mixture showed higher dynamic modulus and better ability to prevent cracking than the conventional asphalt mixture at low temperatures, as well as better permanent deformation and stripping resistance than the conventional asphalt mixture. The fracture energy of the GTR-modified hot mix asphalt (HMA) is 13–16 % larger than the polymer-modified HMA. The number of passes to the stripping point of GTR-modified was 510–518 % higher than the conventional HMA. When compared to the field core, the lab-compacted HMA offers superior pavement performance. The extracted asphalt binder test results show the GTR-modified asphalt has better rutting resistance and cracking resistance than polymer-modified asphalt, and the results in the noise test demonstrated that the rubber-modified asphalt pavement mitigated the noise level by 2–3 dB on the road at different vehicle speeds. Moreover, the pavement condition was noticeably enhanced after the reconstruction of the surface course. The total number of passenger tires to be used in this project is about 2270. To summarize, better rutting and cracking properties in asphalt pavement are shown by the project's utilization of rubber technology. And the GTR-modified HMA is comparable to polymer-modified HMA. Therefore, it may be appropriate to utilize rubber technology on high-traffic volume asphalt pavement in Michigan's wet and freeze climate.

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© 2023 The Author(s). Publisher’s version of record:

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Case Studies in Construction Materials


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