A Key Study on Pollen-Specific SFB Genotype and Identification of Novel SFB Alleles from 48 Accessions in Japanese Apricot (Prunus mume Sieb. et Zucc.)
College of Forest Resources and Environmental Science
Self-incompatibility (SI) is a common strategy to avoid inbreeding and, consequently, keep genetic diversity within a species. In its mechanism, pollen rejection happens in the style when the single multiallelic locus (SFB in prunus species) of the haploid pollen matches one of the S-alleles existing in the diploid pistil. The SFB gene for the pollen S gene has been identified in many Prunus species. However, Japanese apricot is a species with a typical gametophytic self-incompatibility (GSI), and its SFB alleles available are limited, although they are required for studying GSI. Therefore, we used an AS-PCR amplification method, sequencing, and the pair primers SFB-C1F and Pm-Vb designed based on the conserved region of the Prunus SFB gene to identify SFB genotypes of 48 Japanese apricot (P. mume) accessions. Eleven novel SFB alleles were isolated from these accessions and shared typical structural features with SFB alleles from other Prunus species. These novel SFB alleles were uniquely expressed in pollen. Hence, we concluded that these 11 PmSFB were pollen S determinants of P. mume. This current study offers the novel SFB genes of the P. mume S locus, which could be a useful potential resource for studies on pollen SI mechanisms.
A Key Study on Pollen-Specific SFB Genotype and Identification of Novel SFB Alleles from 48 Accessions in Japanese Apricot (Prunus mume Sieb. et Zucc.).
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