Aperture-level simultaneous transmit and receive with digital phased arrays

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date



Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering


While purely digital phased arrays were once discarded as simultaneous transmit and receive (STAR) capable platforms, this notion has recently been reconsidered. Previous work demonstrated that adaptive digital beamforming and digital self-interference cancellation (SIC) can enable transmitting and receiving subapertures in an array to operate simultaneously in the same frequency band. This approach, referred to as Aperture-Level Simultaneous Transmit and Receive (ALSTAR), uses only adaptive digital beamforming and digital SIC techniques. The ALSTAR architecture does not require custom radiators or analog canceling circuits that can increase front end losses and add significant size, weight, and cost to the array. This paper extends the previously proposed effective isotropic isolation (EII) metric to account for fixed dynamic range transmit and receive channels. An alternating optimization procedure that exploits the interdependence of the transmit and receive beamformers is proposed based on the symmetry of the EII metric, achieving higher EII than in previous work. This optimization procedure balances the goal of null-placement for interference and noise rejection with the goal of maintaining high transmit and receive gain. Simulated results are presented for a 50-element array that achieves 187.1 dB of EII in narrowband operation with 2500 W of transmit power. We explore the effectiveness of the architecture and proposed optimization methods by demonstrating the high EII achieved across the full scan space of the array at several transmit power levels. Results are also presented for a regularized version of the beamformer optimization problem that allows the designer to trade EII for array gain.

Publication Title

IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing