Photocatalytic properties of anisotropic β-PtX2 (X = S, Se) and Janus β-PtSSe monolayers

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Department of Physics


The highly efficient photocatalytic water splitting process to produce clean energy requires novel semiconductor materials to achieve a high solar-to-hydrogen energy conversion efficiency. Herein, the photocatalytic properties of anisotropic β-PtX2 (X = S, Se) and Janus β-PtSSe monolayers were investigated based on the density functional theory. The small cleavage energy for β-PtS2 (0.44 J m−2) and β-PtSe2 (0.40 J m−2) endorses the possibility of mechanical exfoliation from their respective layered bulk materials. The calculated results revealed that the β-PtX2 monolayers have an appropriate bandgap (∼1.8-2.6 eV) enclosing the water redox potential, light absorption coefficient (∼104 cm−1), and exciton binding energy (∼0.5-0.7 eV), which facilitates excellent visible-light-driven photocatalytic performance. Remarkably, the inherent structural anisotropy leads to an anisotropic high carrier mobility (up to ∼5 × 103 cm2 V−1 S−1), leading to a fast transport of photogenerated carriers. Notably, the required small external potential to realize hydrogen evolution reaction and oxygen evolution reaction processes with an excellent solar-to-hydrogen energy conversion efficiency for β-PtSe2 (∼16%) and β-PtSSe (∼18%) makes them promising candidates for solar water splitting applications.

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Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics