Magnetic reed biochar materials as adsorbents for aqueous copper and phenol removal

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Department of Applied Computing


Organics and heavy metals are common pollutants in many wastewaters and water bodies. Adsorption processes by magnetic materials can rapidly remove these pollutants from water and effectively recycle adsorbent. In this study, magnetic analyzer, X-ray diffraction, Flourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and granulometry were used to characterize the synthesized magnetic reed biochar materials (ZnFeO/biochar). Influences of adsorption time, pH, temperature, initial solution concentration, and adsorption equilibrium concentration on adsorption performances were investigated for Cu and phenol adsorption by ZnFeO/biochar. Adsorption kinetic and isotherm models were used to describe the adsorption processes. Adsorption of phenol and Cu by ZnFeO/biochar reached saturation within 45 min and increased slightly with the increase of temperature from 15 to 45 °C. Adsorption of Cu increased with the increase of pH, while the adsorption of phenol peaked at pH = 6. The adsorption processes fit the pseudo-second order kinetics model, and both conformed to the Langmuir model. The fitting results show that the maximum single-component adsorption capacity of phenol and Cu by ZnFeO/biochar is 63.29 and 12.20 mg/g, and the maximum bi-component adsorption capacity reaches 40.16 and 9.48 mg/g, respectively. All the findings demonstrate that ZnFeO/biochar has good adsorption performance for phenol and Cu.

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Environmental science and pollution research international