Band Gap Estimation of D-LEGO Meta-structures Using FRF-Based Substructuring and Bloch Wave Theory

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date



Department of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics


Periodic structures are found to exhibit band gaps which are frequency bandwidths where structural vibrations are absorbed. In this paper, meta-structures are built by dynamically linking oscillators in a periodic pattern, which are referred to as dynamically linked element grade oscillators or D-LEGOs. The location of the band gaps is numerically determined for a one-dimensional D-LEGO. The unit cell for the D-LEGO structure is considered to be made up of two longitudinal bar elements of different properties. For such a structure, the frequency response functions (FRFs) of a single unit cell are used to estimate the band gaps of a periodic-lattice structure by adapting the Bloch wave theory. Alternatively, the FRF of the multi-unit cell is determined using FRF-based substructuring (FBS) approach. The band gaps resulting from these two approaches are compared and verified.

Publication Title

Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series