A Deep Learning-based Method to Extract Lumen and Media-Adventitia in Intravascular Ultrasound Images

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Department of Applied Computing; Department of Biomedical Engineering


Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging allows direct visualization of the coronary vessel wall and is suitable for assessing atherosclerosis and the degree of stenosis. Accurate segmentation and lumen and median-adventitia (MA) measurements from IVUS are essential for such a successful clinical evaluation. However, current automated segmentation by commercial software relies on manual corrections, which is time-consuming and user-dependent. We aim to develop a deep learning-based method using an encoder-decoder deep architecture to automatically and accurately extract both lumen and MA border. Inspired by the dual-path design of the state-of-the-art model IVUS-Net, our method named IVUS-U-Net++ achieved an extension of the U-Net++ model. More specifically, a feature pyramid network was added to the U-Net++ model, enabling the utilization of feature maps at different scales. Following the segmentation, the Pearson correlation and Bland-Altman analyses were performed to evaluate the correlations of 12 clinical parameters measured from our segmentation results and the ground truth. A dataset with 1746 IVUS images from 18 patients was used for training and testing. Our segmentation model at the patient level achieved a Jaccard measure (JM) of 0.9080 ± 0.0321 and a Hausdorff distance (HD) of 0.1484 ± 0.1584 mm for the lumen border; it achieved a JM of 0.9199 ± 0.0370 and an HD of 0.1781 ± 0.1906 mm for the MA border. The 12 clinical parameters measured from our segmentation results agreed well with those from the ground truth (all -values are smaller than .01). Our proposed method shows great promise for its clinical use in IVUS segmentation.

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Ultrasonic imaging