Department of Mathematical Sciences
Recently, gene-based association studies have shown that integrating genome-wide association studies (GWAS) with expression quantitative trait locus (eQTL) data can boost statistical power and that the genetic liability of traits can be captured by polygenic risk scores (PRSs). In this paper, we propose a new gene-based statistical method that leverages gene-expression measure-ments and new PRSs to identify genes that are associated with phenotypes of interest. We used a generalized linear model to associate phenotypes with gene expression and PRSs and used a score-test statistic to test the association between phenotypes and genes. Our simulation studies show that the newly developed method has correct type I error rates and can boost statistical power compared with other methods that use either gene expression or PRS in association tests. A real data analysis Figurebased on UK Biobank data for asthma shows that the proposed method is applicable to GWAS.
Gene-Based Association Tests Using New Polygenic Risk Scores and Incorporating Gene Expression Data.
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