Data from cryo-neutron phase change experiments with LH2 and LCH4

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Department of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics


Cryogenic Propellant management is a critical roadblock to enable long term space missions. Commonly used propellants (liquid hydrogen and methane) undergo constant vaporization but there is limited knowledge on the phase change rate and its implications on long term storage stability. This is, in part, due to the inability to image the liquid-vapor mixture inside opaque metallic containers at cryogenic temperatures. Here, neutron imaging is used as a visualization technique to track the liquid-vapor interface inside Al 6061 and SS 316 test cells. The data contains first known images of steady evaporation/condensation in cryogenic propellants. The experiments were conducted at the NIST Center for Neutron Research using the BT-2 Neutron Imaging facility. The test cells were instrumented with temperature sensors and inserted into a 70-mm liquid helium cryostat before being placed into the neutron beam. Temperatures and pressures were altered to achieve condensation/evaporation and Neutron images were captured during the entire phase change process. Phase change rates were obtained through image processing. The data contains raw images and processed phase change rates along with experimental temperature and pressure. The one-of-a-kind data could be used for model validation, correlation development or serve as a benchmark for future experiments.

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Data in Brief