Title

Preparation and anti-icing performance of acrylic superhydrophobic asphalt pavement coating with microwave heating function

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

8-15-2022

Department

Department of Civil, Environmental, and Geospatial Engineering

Abstract

In winter, icing greatly reduces the friction performance of pavement and brings a high safety hazard to road traffic. We prepared a superhydrophobic coating (SHC) with a microwave heating function to minimize pavement icing risk. The static contact angle of the water droplet on the SHC is 161.2°. The freezing time of water droplets on asphalt mixture coated with SHC is 1.63 times longer than that of asphalt mixture without coating. SHC can significantly delay the freezing process of water. The normal adhesion strength of 10 mm ice layer on the asphalt mixture coated with the SHC at −5 °C is only 14.3 % of that on the asphalt mixture without coating. It confirms that the SHC dramatically reduces the normal adhesion strength of the ice layer on asphalt pavement. In addition, the microwave heating rate of the asphalt mixture coated with SHC is 48.37 % faster than that of the asphalt mixture without coating. Carbon nanotube particles directly contact the ice on the SHC surface. Besides, carbon nanotube particles also have high microwave heat conversion efficiency and high thermal conductivity. The ice layer on the surface of the asphalt mixture coated with SHC can be melted and removed within 80 sec, which is 42.86 % faster than the ice removal time of asphalt mixture without coating. Carbon nanotube particles on the SHC surface were directly heated by microwaves and melted the ice layer rapidly. The acrylic coating on the asphalt mixture surface has an excellent thermal insulation performance. The load wheel rolling experiment was conducted to simulate the traffic wheel friction. The static contact angle of the water droplet on the SHC keeps at 147°, and the microwave heating performance of the SHC has no significant changes before and after 500 rolling times. This implies that the SHC has sustainable superhydrophobic properties and can melt the ice layer under microwave heating even after the traffic wheel friction. The SHC is of great significance for improving the driving safety of asphalt pavement.

Publication Title

Construction and Building Materials

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