Generation of selective single-mode guided waves by d36type piezoelectric wafer

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Department of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics


In general, mixed modes and dispersion of guided wave occur at any excitation frequency, while single modes are needed for effective nondestructive evaluation of structures. In this work, we present an approach to generate a selective single-mode guided wave in plate-like structures by exploiting the unique directionality of the d36 type piezoelectric wafer and the symmetry of fundamental guided wave modes. Specifically, we devise a unified fundamental shear horizontal (SH0) wave/fundamental antisymmetric mode (A0) wave directional transducer pair by attaching the d36 type piezoelectric wafers back to back on the opposite sides of the plate to provide selective, directional single-mode guided waves for actuation and sensing. Originally, the d36-type piezoelectric wafer, poled and cut from the lead magnesium niobate-lead titanate crystal, produces a mixture of the in-plane SH0 (symmetric) mode and out-of-plane A0 (asymmetric) and S0 (symmetric) modes. By applying the in-phase or out-of-phase applied electrical field to the coupled d36-type piezoelectric wafer pair, our devised approach generates selective single modes, SH0 or A0, respectively, to propagate in the structure. We describe the theoretical development of our approach and conduct both numerical simulations and laboratory experiments for validations.

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Applied Physics Letters